What are the Key Differences Between a Web and Mobile Application
For a layman, the difference between a mobile app and a web app may be negligible. But they are very different from each other. The difference between the two is not just for users, the process of developing and deploying them is also separate.
A Native App is usually developed for a particular mobile platform. It is installed on the device directly. If someone wants to use these native mobile apps, they have to download it from the app/play store.
A Web App is an app that can be accessed via mobile browser or web browser. It is Internet-enabled, and users don’t have to download them for access. Also, there is a slight difference between a web app and website.
A web app is a website which has a flexible design and responds well when viewed on mobile devices. Web app functions as an app that can be downloaded from both desktop’s and phone’s browser.
Web apps vs Mobile apps: What’s The Difference?
Here are some points that will help you understand the difference between mobile native and web apps clearly.
Native Mobile Apps: When you hire the best mobile app development company, they create this app for one platform. They are platform specific- Windows for Nokia or IOS for Apple iPhone. Users are required to download them from the respective app/play store. Also, these native apps are allowed to access system resources like GPS, contacts and so on. Some examples of native apps are- Instagram, Hike, PayTm, and so on.
Web Apps: They are not platform specific. These apps are accessed on the browser of a mobile or a desktop. These apps need Internet connection and adapt to the device they are viewed on. Users are not required to install or download them to use them. Also, they are very responsive just like a mobile app.
Development of the mobile app and web app
To hire a web app development service or a mobile app development company, you need to be clear on the type of app you want. The creation and deployment of the app can be done on both native mobile platform and web browser. Decide what you want based on the requirements that you have.
Both the apps have a distinguished app development processes:
Native Mobile Apps: All mobile platforms follow unique native app creation steps. Also, the programming language used by each platform is different. For example- Java for Android and Swift for iPhone.
Most of the mobile native apps and web apps User-Interface looks the same. There are only minor differences which will not be easily visible to the user.
A native mobile app UI is designed keeping in mind the platform and its guidelines. The graphical UI should be such that users are able to view and load it fast on their mobile devices.
A Web app UI is flexible so that it can adjust to many devices. A web app can be viewed on a desktop, a phone or a tab. Thus, its design should be coherent and work well on any device, irrespective of the screen size. Also, the feel and look it presents to the user via any device must be the same.
Native Apps: A native app’s accessibility is fully compatible with the mobile’s hardware. Also, it is compatible with some inbuilt features of the device like Camera, GPS, and more. A native app needs to constantly update itself to run and incorporate new features.
Web Apps: A web app is not able to access any native features of the platform/device it runs on. A web app loads from the web whenever you access it. Thus, it updates itself without the user having to initiate it.
Native App: Since native apps are faster and efficient, they are an expensive investment. Moreover, for assured quality and long run from the apps, it is crucial that you hire the best mobile app development company. This makes them a bit more expensive than a web app.
Web App: They are not expensive to create. But to maintain their quality on so many platforms, a lot of maintenance cost is required.
Internet connection requirements:
Native Apps: Some mobile native apps can work offline. But they do need an internet connection for updates.
Web App: All web apps need a continuous internet connection. Also, they update themselves whenever you run them. It is necessary to know these differences before a firm decides to develop an app. In the end, the decision about the kind of app needed depends on the budget and the requirements.
So, if your budget is huge, you can even opt for both types of app. If a company has both a mobile app and a web app, the color scheme, design and fonts will be the same. But the end result would be slightly different.
How to develop mobile native apps?
- Native mobile apps are platform specific. Thus, deploying them across each platform requires time and money.
- Each platform has its own guidelines, design and deployment process. So, every time you need to start creating them from scratch. Some cross-platform app development tools may help ease the process but it might still cost more.
- A native app is created using specific languages and IDE (Integrated Development Environment). Every platform has its own language and a dedicated IDE.
- An Apple device operating the system is native IOS. The language used is Objective-C or Swift. While the IDE required is XCode.
- Android native apps use Java for coding. The IDE used by them is Android Studio and Eclipse, but the latter is slowly being dropped by users.
- Moreover, the best mobile app development companies make use of tools and SDK provided by Apple and Google.
How are web apps built?
- Web apps have no standard software development kit for their development. The hired web app development company can use templates too.
- They have simpler features and thus, building web apps takes less time and efforts.
Progressive web app
- Progressive web apps can work offline like native apps. They also load quicker than standard web apps.
- They work offline due to advancement in web browser. Also, the application cache feature helps them to store bulk data offline.
- When they work offline they have some features similar to native mobile apps. These include native video and audio capture, video playback and even push notification.
- Similar to web apps, these progressive apps also have no need for installation or download. They are responsive and independent of internet connection. These features make them the best of both worlds.
The advantages and disadvantages of Mobile vs web apps. Now let’s review the pros and cons of both Mobile app and Web app.
Native mobile apps
- They load quicker than web apps.
- They can access system resources. This means their functionality is good.
- Some native apps work offline.
- The native apps must be approved by the app/play store. Thus, they are safe and secured.
- They can be created easily because developer tools, interface elements, and SDKs are available.
- Expensive to create than web apps.
- They need to be compatible with each platform. This means they need to be designed from scratch every time.
- Maintenance cost is high.
- Approval for going public takes time.
- No need to download or install web app as they work well in-browser.
- They have common codebase irrespective of platform and device. This makes them easy to maintain.
- They update on their own.
- They can be created easily and quickly.
- Launching is easy as no approval from play store is required.
- Web apps don’t work offline.
- Loads slowly and have less advanced features.
- They are not listed in any specific database. This means fewer people know about them, which makes it less discoverable.
- We can’t be assured about the quality and safety measures incorporated by web apps.
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